5th June 2019


This is a brief description of the project aims and team composition in the English language. If you need further information, please contact us through the postal or electronic address at the bottom of this page.

The Project:

The REP project aims to understand the conditions and implications of the representativeness of social partners in economic governance. In democratic societies, they play a fundamental regulatory role of the labour market, representativeness providing them legitimacy to be consulted and to negotiate. However, representativeness is enveloped in a puzzle and scarce research tends to restrict representativeness to a membership rate and to focus on one side of labour relations. Assuming that representativeness is a multifaceted concept, the REP project will for the first time combine membership representativeness with composition and opinion congruence between representatives and represented. Also, it will focus on both trade unions and employers’ associations, having into account their different collective interests. In summary, the REP project intends to contribute to a more informed decision-making process, more transparent and trustful organizations, and fairer labour relations.

PI: Raquel Rego (ICS-ULisboa)
Co-Pi: Hermes Costa (CES-FEUC)
Funding: FCT (ref. PTDC/SOC-SOC/29207/2017)

The Team:

Raquel Rego (coor.)


Hermes Costa


Ana Espírito-Santo


Bruno Martins


Cristina Nunes


Tatiana Pita


José Borbinha


Nicolas Lori

INESC-IST (2019-2020)

João Machado

INESC-IST (2020-2021)

Diogo Almiro

INESC-IST (2022)

António Higgs


Project Consultants

Bernd Brandl – Professor at Durham University
Peter Kerckhofs – Responsible for REP studies at Eurofound
Reinhard Naumann – Eurowork-Eurofound correspondent and FEF
Henrique Sousa – Coordinator of Praxis association